Laser Dentistry

All lasers work by delivering energy in the form of light. When used for surgical and dental procedures, the laser acts as a cutting instrument or a vaporizer of tissue that it comes in contact with. When used in teeth-whitening procedures, the laser acts as a heat source and enhances the effect of tooth-bleaching agents. Lasers have been used in dentistry since 1994 to treat a number of dental problems.

Gum disease Lasers are used to reshape gums and remove bacteria during a root canal procedure.

Biopsy or lesion removal Lasers can be used to remove a small piece of tissue (called a biopsy) so that it can be examined for diseases such as cancer. Lasers are also used to remove lesions in the mouth and relieve the pain caused by canker sores, also called aphthous, or cold sores.

Teeth whitening Lasers are used to speed up in-office teeth whitening procedures. A peroxide bleaching solution, applied to the tooth surface, is ''activated" by laser energy, which speeds up the whitening process.

Following are some the common uses of soft tissue laser surgery routinely done in our office.

Dental Laser Assisted Frenectomy

In cases where there is an extra muscle attachment to the teeth, Frenectomy procedure is needed as part of orthodontics treatment planning. This is a minor procedure with the use of laser and requires none or very limited amount of local anesthetic (No Needles). Due to use of laser, these techniques are more conservative and minimally invasive. The conservative manipulation of the areas being treated, as well as gentle action of the laser, minimizes the post operative discomfort experienced by the patient, with minimal to no blood loss. The Bio-stimulatory effect of the laser also helps a faster surgical recovery.

Dental Laser Assisted Gingivectomy

This procedure is mostly performed to get rid of gummy smile or excess tissue. Because we use laser to perform this procedure, in most cases no needles, blades or suture will be used. Due to the conservative manipulation of the areas being treated, the patient will experience minimal postoperative discomfort, with minimal to no blood loss. The Bio-stimulatory effect of the laser also helps a faster surgical recovery.

Dental Laser Assisted Treatment of Canker sores

An aphthous ulcer also known as a canker sore is a type of mouth ulcer, appears
 as a painful open sore inside the mouth or upper throat characterized by a break
in the mucous membrane. Its cause is unknown, but they are not contagious. The 
condition is also known as aphthous stomatitis and alternatively as Sutton’s 
Disease, especially in the case of major, multiple or recurring ulcers.
 The
term aphthae means ulcer; it has been used for many years to describe areas of
ulceration on mucous membranes. Aphthous stomatitis is a condition characterized by recurrent discrete areas of ulceration that are almost always painful. 
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) can be distinguished from other diseases
 with similar-appearing oral lesions, such as certain oral bacteria or herpes
simplex because of their tendency to recur, their multiplicity and chronicity.
 Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is one of the most common oral conditions. At
least 10% of the population has it, and women are more often affected than men.
 About 30–40% of patients with recurrent aphthae report a family 
history. 
Laser treatment of these areas has been shown to resolve or at least 
reduce the pain on these lesions.

Dental Laser Assisted Treatment of Herpetic Lesions

Herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2), also known as Human herpes virus
1 and 2 (HHV-1 and -2), are two members of the herpes virus family, 
Herpes viridae, that infect humans. Both HSV-1 (which produces cold sores) and
HSV-2 (which produces genital herpes) are ubiquitous and contagious. They can be 
spread when an infected person is producing and shedding the virus. Symptoms of
 herpes simplex viral infection includes watery blisters in the skin or mucous
 membranes of the mouth, lips or genitals. Lesions heal with a scab
 characteristic of herpetic disease. Sometimes, the viruses cause very mild or
atypical symptoms during outbreaks. However, as neurotropic and neuro-invasive
 viruses, HSV-1 and -2 persist in the body by becoming latent and hiding from the 
immune system in the cell bodies of nerves. After the initial or primary 
infection, some infected people experience sporadic episodes of viral 
reactivation or outbreaks. In an outbreak, the virus in a nerve cell becomes
 active and is transported via the nerve’s axon to the skin, where virus 
replication and shedding occur and cause new sores. These lesions could be very 
painful and uncomfortable. Laser treatment of these areas has been shown to 
resolve or at least reduce the pain on these lesions.

Deep cleaning/ Scaling and Root planning

This is the first procedure in fight against gum disease. Your Periodontist or
 General dentist could perform this procedure to eliminate the infection around
 your teeth. Use of laser in addition to deep cleaning has been shown to have an 
additive benefit to deep cleaning alone. This is due to the antibacterial effect
s of laser as well as its affinity for Calculus build up.

Some of the benefits of using Lasers in Dentistry include:

Less pain, therefore, reduces the need for anesthesia.

Reduce anxiety in patients uncomfortable with the use of the dental drill or needles.

Minimize bleeding and swelling during soft tissue treatments.

Bio stimulation of the tissue helps fast healing of the surgery site and reduces the postoperative discomfort.

Surgical precision provides more accurate cuts and helps avoid unnecessary trauma.