Root Canal Treatment

The word "Root Canal" is one of the most feared words in the world of Dentistry. Most patients think of Root Canal Therapy as a painful process and often try to avoid doing Root Canal at any price even at the cost of losing their tooth. But the truth is that the misconception about Root Canal Therapy and its association with pain comes from the fact that patients who need the treatment, often seek the help of a Dental professional when they are already suffering from toothache. Sometimes, patients wait too long to treat the troubled tooth hoping that the pain will go away and this will actually makes the matter worse. If tooth is not treated on time, it will become hypersensitive. At this stage, the tooth is called a "HOT TOOTH". A Hot Tooth is extremely difficult to anesthetize and takes a large amount of anesthetizing agent to subdue the pain associated with damaged tooth. Many times, a clinician has to take other measures to deal with a Hot Tooth therefore prolonging the treatment and unavoidably increasing the degree of discomfort for patient. Most patient who have fear of Root Canal Therapy have at one point dealt with a Hot Tooth at a Dental office. The truth is that "Root Canal Therapy relieves pain, it doesn't induce it".

Root canal therapy is the treatment of choice to treat teeth suffering from endodontic (root and nerve related) pain and abscess. Teeth receive their nutrition through small canals that run inside and along the long axis of their anatomy. Within these canals, very small blood vessels deliver blood, oxygen, nutrients and other cells that protect and keep the tooth alive and healthy. When this mechanism is disturbed by some factors such as tooth decay, bacterial infection, trauma, bad bite and other abuses like teeth grinding and para habitual functions, patients start to feel pain that gradually or suddenly increases to a point where it's no longer tolerable. Pain can start as an occasional discomfort and elevate to a severe throbbing pain if tooth is not treated at the early stages of the disease. Affected teeth are extremely painful when touched or while in chewing functions and most patients experience the more severe pain at night and during sleep. Another sign of endodontic disease is sensitivity to cold that gradually turns into heat sensitivity when the soft tissue inside the canals start dying. Pain is not the only indication that a tooth needs root canal therapy. If the disease process is slow enough, calcification and hardening of the soft tissue inside the canals, which is body's defense mechanism against the disease, will prevent the disease from causing pain for patients. Discolored and bruised teeth, usually the result of acute trauma, also need to be treated with root canal therapy because the dead tissue inside the canals could be infected and the roots may be in danger of resorption and destruction.

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